The table below includes all members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, excluding former Communist countries (most of which were not independent in 1960) and Israel (for which World Bank data does not go back to 1960). Of the 27 OECD members included, only four (Denmark, Iceland, Netherlands, and Norway) have seen less growth in life expectancy since 1960, and Sweden's growth has been the same at 8.3 years. Only two OECD members today have a lower life expectancy than the U.S., and both (Mexico and Turkey) are much poorer than the U.S. South Korea and Chile, both developing countries in 1960, have now surpassed the U.S. in life expectancy.
While health outcomes have certainly improved over the last 50 years, we can see from the table just how small those gains are relative to what other countries have been able to achieve. And remember, these gains have come at much greater economic cost.